Our world is made up of 75% of water but only 2.5% is drinkable. The entire population of the world i.e. 7.6 billion people depends on the 2.5% available water to satisfy their drinking purpose. The odds seem against us and hence the next viable alternative for this problem is rainwater. It is our duty to preserve rainwater and find a means to utilize it for our day to day needs such as drinking purposes, washing, gardening, etc…. The increase in the number of RO water purifier companies stands testimony to the fact that the awareness regarding the need for clean and safe drinking water is now more than ever.
This topic is not new to us and we would have all came across this in our school books and even made science projects and models of it. Rainwater harvesting is basically a method using which the rainwater is collected, conserved, re-distributed and is used for various purposes. Unfortunately, we have never taken any steps to implement it practically. The best solution to the water crisis has never been implemented and its immense potential lies dormant. Some of the ro water purifier companies will be able to help you to set up a rainwater harvesting system and how to filter rainwater from the roof. They will also help you with how to treat rainwater for domestic use.
Is Rainwater Safe to Drink?
Rainwater is considered the purest form of water that is naturally available. It contains comparatively fewer impurities than all other sources of water such as lakes, rivers, etc… The water present in various water bodies is evaporated and is condensed to form clouds which lead to rain. The water is evaporated leaving all the impurities behind and is then condensed to clouds.
Why Should We Purify Rainwater Before Drinking?
The pure raindrops that fall come in contact with the poisonous gases and other impurities in the atmosphere. The rain droplets react with Sulphur dioxide and nitrous oxides that are released into the atmosphere. The reaction leads to acid rain which reaches the surface. The pH value of rainwater is typically 4.0. Hence purifying the rainwater will make sure the water is free from dissolved impurities and gases and is safe for drinking. The rainwater filtration systems for home use different techniques among which the RO technique is the most effective one.
Reverse Osmosis Process
Osmosis is a natural process in which a liquid of higher concentration flows towards a liquid of a lower concentration if separated by a semi-permeable membrane. In the reverse osmosis process, the liquid of lower concentration is forced to move towards the region of liquid with higher concentration by applying an external pressure.
Implementing Reverse Osmosis System to Conserve and Utilize Rainwater
The Reverse Osmosis system as the name reveals works on the principle of reverse osmosis. The impure water is forced through a semi-permeable membrane by applying external pressure using a motor. The membrane consists of pores with the approximate size of 0.001 microns. The suspended and dissolved impurities are filtered using the semipermeable membrane and clean purified water is obtained on the other side. The gases that are dissolved in the water are removed by using carbon tubes. These carbon tubes suck the poisonous gases present in the water and the gases are impregnated on the surface of the carbon tubes and hence the carbon tubes have to be removed periodically. It should also be noted there is a lot of wastage of water in RO purification technique and hence you should also have a proper RO wastewater recycling system.
The raindrops that fall are collected using rainwater harvesting technique and can be directed to the RO system in place. There are different methods of collecting rainwater and rooftop rain harvesting is the most suitable one in metro cities. Using this technique, rainwater is collected where it falls and is directed to the RO system. The rainwater is then purified and is made free from germs, suspended and dissolved impurities and gases. Using this technique, the rainwater that is wasted can be purified and can be used for drinking purposes.